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Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
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MISSION

Instruments

Diagram of NASA Mars 2020 rover science instruments. Credit: NASA

What are science instruments?

Science instruments are state-of-the-art tools for acquiring information about Martian geology, atmosphere, environmental conditions, and potential biosignatures.

Read news article: NASA Announces Mars 2020 Rover Payload to Explore the Red Planet as Never Before >>


Science instruments for this mission

*PI - principal investigator


Mastcam-Z
PI: James Bell
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA

An advanced camera system with panoramic and stereoscopic imaging capability with the ability to zoom. The instrument also will determine mineralogy of the Martian surface and assist with rover operations. The principal investigator is James Bell, Arizona State University in Phoenix.


SuperCam
PI: Roger Wiens
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

An artist's rendering of the SuperCam instrument aboard the next generation Mars rover scheduled to visit the Red Planet in 2020.

An instrument that can provide imaging, chemical composition analysis, and mineralogy. The instrument will also be able to detect the presence of organic compounds in rocks and regolith from a distance. The principal investigator is Roger Wiens, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico. This instrument also has a significant contribution from the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales,Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Plane'tologie (CNES/IRAP) France.
Read News Article >>


Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL)
PI: Abigail Allwood
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, CA, USA

This image show the inner working/body of the PIXL instrument superimposed over a sunset picture of Mars.

An X-ray fluorescence spectrometer that will also contain an imager with high resolution to determine the fine scale elemental composition of Martian surface materials. PIXL will provide capabilities that permit more detailed detection and analysis of chemical elements than ever before. The principal investigator is Abigail Allwood, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California.
Read News Article >>


Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC)
PI: Luther Beegle
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, CA, USA

This image shows the SHERLOC instrument for the Mars 2020 rover superimposed on a Mars image.

A spectrometer that will provide fine-scale imaging and uses an ultraviolet (UV) laser to determine fine-scale mineralogy and detect organic compounds. SHERLOC will be the first UV Raman spectrometer to fly to the surface of Mars and will provide complementary measurements with other instruments in the payload. The principal investigator is Luther Beegle, JPL.
Read News Article >>


Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE)
PI: Michael Hecht
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE) is an exploration technology investigation that will produce oxygen from Martian atmospheric carbon dioxide.

An exploration technology investigation that will produce oxygen from Martian atmospheric carbon dioxide. The principal investigator is Michael Hecht, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Read News Article >>


Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA)
PI: Jose Rodriguez-Manfredi
Centro de Astrobiologia, Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial, Spain

A set of sensors that will provide measurements of temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity and dust size and shape. The principal investigator is Jose Rodriguez-Manfredi, Centro de Astrobiologia, Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial, Spain.


Radar Imager for Mars' Subsurface Exploration (RIMFAX)
PI: Svein-Erik Hamran
Forsvarets Forskningsinstitutt, Norway

A ground-penetrating radar that will provide centimeter-scale resolution of the geologic structure of the subsurface. The principal investigator is Svein-Erik Hamran, Forsvarets Forskningsinstitutt, Norway.
Read News Article >>


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