The Mars 2020 mission is being designed to launch in 2020 and to enable surface operations lasting one Mars year (about 687 Earth days).
The phases of the Mars 2020 mission would include:
- Launch: Lift-off from Earth
- Cruise: Voyage through space
- Approach: Nearing the red planet Mars
- Instrument Checks and First Drive: After landing when engineers first conduct tests to ensure the rover is in a "safe state"
- Surface Operations: Learning about Mars through the day-to-day activities of the rover