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02.08.2017 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Observes Changes
01.25.2017 'Wing' Dike of Hardened Lava in New Mexico
01.25.2017 Blade-Like Martian Walls Outline Polygons
01.06.2017 Earth and Its Moon, as Seen From Mars
11.15.2016 Schiaparelli Impact Site on Mars, Stereo
11.03.2016 Schiaparelli Impact Site on Mars, in Color
03.30.2016 Erisa Hines
03.30.2016 Buzz Aldrin
03.21.2016 For a Decade Orbiting Mars: One Recent View
03.09.2016 For a Decade Orbiting Mars: One Recent View
03.09.2016 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter By the Numbers
03.01.2016 MRO sees Frosty Spring Slopes
02.12.2016 Women in Science
02.10.2016 Wind at Work
11.16.2015 Change Observed in Martian Sand Dune
10.05.2015 'The Martian' Story's Ares 4 Landing Site
10.05.2015 The Ares 3 Landing Site (Figure A)
09.30.2015 Avalanche Ho!
06.29.2015 Mars Exploration Zone Layout Considerations
06.17.2015 Active High-Latitude Dune Gullies
06.03.2015 Crisp Crater in Sirenum Fossae
05.20.2015 Sedimentary Rock Layers on a Crater Floor
05.20.2015 Honey, I Shrunk the Mesas
05.11.2015 Icy Wonderland
05.04.2015 Diverse Orbits Around Mars
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03.27.2015 A Smile a Day....
03.25.2015 Pitted Landforms in Southern Hellas Planitia
03.12.2015 Curiosity Heading Away from 'Pahrump Hills'
02.18.2015 Lava Flow Near the Base of Olympus Mons
02.09.2015 Yardangs in Arsinoes Chaos, Mars
02.04.2015 Curiosity Rover at 'Pahrump Hills'
01.22.2015 Frost on Crater Slope
01.16.2015 Components of Beagle 2 Flight System on Mars
12.03.2014 An Enigmatic Feature in Athabasca Lava Flows
12.02.2014 NASA's Journey to Mars
Color-Coded Clues to Composition Superimposed on Martian Seasonal-Flow ImageThis image combines a photograph of seasonal dark flows on a Martian slope with a grid of colors based on data collected by a mineral-mapping spectrometer observing the same area. The area is at Palikir Crater in the southern hemisphere of Mars.
The photograph is from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera. The composition information, as an image with pixels appearing as a grid of squares, is from the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM). Both of these instruments are on NASA's Mar Reconnaissance Orbiter. The view is oriented with north toward the bottom. The scale bar at lower left indicates 90 meters (295 feet).
These dark, warm-season flows are called "recurring slope lineae" or RSL. Researchers are using observations from Mars orbiters to study the possibility that RSL result from action of salty liquid water. This image was included in a paper by Lujendra Ojha of Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, and co-authors in Geophysical Research Letters.
The purple and pink colors of the CRISM image represent spectra with absorption of light at wavelengths of 920 nanometers and 530 nanometers. The strength of these absorption bands at this site varies seasonally -- weaker when the RSL are inactive and stronger when the RSL are active. Absorption at 530 nanometers can indicate a concentration of ferric iron, so this could be a clue that the fluctuations observed in the absorption bands of iron minerals may be related to the RSL activity. Other image products from the same Nov. 2, 2007, HiRISE observation are available at http://www.uahirise.org/PSP_005943_1380 .
The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Md., operates CRISM in coordination with an international team of researchers from universities, government and the private sector. The University of Arizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, Tucson, operates HiRISE, which was built by Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colo. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington.
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/UA/JHU-APL