Mars Climate Orbiter
"Volatiles and Climate History"
The orbiter was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) Space Launch Complex 17 (SLC-17) on December 11, 1998.
- Launch Vehicle
Boeing Delta II 7425. The upper stage consists of a spin stabilized Star 48 with a Nutation Control System and a yo-yo despin device.
- Spacecraft Dimensions
- Main bus: 2.1 meters (6.9 feet) tall, 1.6 meters (5.4 feet) wide and 2 meters (6.4 feet) deep.
- Wingspan of solar array: 5.5 meters (18 feet) tip to tip.
- Spacecraft Weight
629 kg (1,387 pounds) total, consisting of 338 kg (745 pound) spacecraft and 291 kg (642 pounds) fuel.
- Science Instruments
- Spacecraft Power
Solar array providing up to 1,000 watts just after launch, 500 watts at Mars.
- Mission Timeline
- December 11, 1998: Launch
- September 23, 1999: Mars Orbiter Insertion
- September 27, 1999: Mars Aerobraking Begins
- November 10, 1999: Mars Aerobraking Ends
- December 1, 1999: Transfer To Mapping Orbit
- December 3, 1999: Mars Polar Lander Support
- March 3, 2000: Mars Mapping Begins
- January 15, 2002: Mars Relay Mission Begins
- December 1, 2004: End Of Primary Mission
- Project Cost
$327.6 million total for both orbiter and lander (not including Deep Space 2). $193.1 million for spacecraft development, $91.7 million for launch, and $42.8 million for mission operations.
- Mission Logo
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