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12.13.2016 Now and Long Ago at Gale Crater, Mars
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11.15.2016 Schiaparelli Impact Site on Mars, Stereo
11.03.2016 Schiaparelli Impact Site on Mars, in Color
10.17.2016 MAVEN Captures Rapid Cloud Formation
10.17.2016 Mars' Nightside Atmosphere
10.17.2016 Ultraviolet Image Near Mars' South Pole
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10.05.2016 Dust Haze Hiding the Martian Surface in 2001
10.04.2016 Test of Lander Vision System for Mars 2020
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10.03.2016 Curiosity Self-Portrait at 'Murray Buttes'
10.03.2016 Butte 'M9a' in 'Murray Buttes' on Mars
09.19.2016 Ribbon Cutting
09.09.2016 Farewell to Murray Buttes (Image 5)
09.09.2016 Farewell to Murray Buttes (Image 4)
09.09.2016 Farewell to Murray Buttes (Image 3)
09.09.2016 Farewell to Murray Buttes (Image 2)
09.09.2016 Farewell to Murray Buttes (Image 1)
08.26.2016 Out-of-this-World Records
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08.04.2016 Mars Rover Social Media Game
08.02.2016 Artist Concept for RIMFAX
07.20.2016 Viking 40 Year Anniversary Artwork: Medal
07.18.2016 Mars 2020 Range Trigger
07.14.2016 NASA to Launch Mars Rover in 2020
Color-Coded Clues to Composition Superimposed on Martian Seasonal-Flow ImageThis image combines a photograph of seasonal dark flows on a Martian slope with a grid of colors based on data collected by a mineral-mapping spectrometer observing the same area. The area is at Palikir Crater in the southern hemisphere of Mars.
The photograph is from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera. The composition information, as an image with pixels appearing as a grid of squares, is from the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM). Both of these instruments are on NASA's Mar Reconnaissance Orbiter. The view is oriented with north toward the bottom. The scale bar at lower left indicates 90 meters (295 feet).
These dark, warm-season flows are called "recurring slope lineae" or RSL. Researchers are using observations from Mars orbiters to study the possibility that RSL result from action of salty liquid water. This image was included in a paper by Lujendra Ojha of Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, and co-authors in Geophysical Research Letters.
The purple and pink colors of the CRISM image represent spectra with absorption of light at wavelengths of 920 nanometers and 530 nanometers. The strength of these absorption bands at this site varies seasonally -- weaker when the RSL are inactive and stronger when the RSL are active. Absorption at 530 nanometers can indicate a concentration of ferric iron, so this could be a clue that the fluctuations observed in the absorption bands of iron minerals may be related to the RSL activity. Other image products from the same Nov. 2, 2007, HiRISE observation are available at http://www.uahirise.org/PSP_005943_1380 .
The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Md., operates CRISM in coordination with an international team of researchers from universities, government and the private sector. The University of Arizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, Tucson, operates HiRISE, which was built by Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colo. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington.
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/UA/JHU-APL